11 ways that Scarborough changed the world

It may not be the biggest place in the world but Scarborough and its people have had a huge impact on the world today.

By Corinne Macdonald
Friday, 21st June 2019, 2:34 pm
12 ways that Scarborough changed the world
12 ways that Scarborough changed the world

From creating the first search engine and establishing the first UK seaside resort to the father of genetic engineering and Oscar winning actors, here are 11 ways our town has changed the world.

An influential British suffragette was born and lived in Scarborough. Florence Balgarnie (1856 - 1928) campaigned tirelessly to get women the vote and represented the National Union of Women's Suffrage Societies in Washington DC.
The first map of the nation's geology was created by William 'Strata' Smith. Though initially overlooked he became known as the father of English geology. In Scarborough he created the Rotunda Museum to house his collection.

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Two of Coronation Street's well loved characters hail from Scarborough. Fred Feast played the Rovers barman Fred Gee from 1975 to 1984 and Mikey North, from Cayton, has played Gary Windass since 2008.
In 1933 Charles Laughton, left, from Scarborough, won an Academy Award for his performance in The Private Life of Henry VIII. Sir Ben Kingsley, right, born in Snainton, also won an Oscar for his titular role in the film Gandhi.
Horror novel The Woman in Black was written by Susan Hill, born in Scabrorough, and has since been adapted into a feature film starring Daniel Ratcliffe and the second longest running play in the West End.
The country's first seaside resort began after the discovery of spa waters on South Bay. Many coastal towns across the country, like Brighton, soon followed suit.
The first search engine that behaved like those we have now was JumpStation in 1993. It was written by Jonathon Fletcher, from Scarborough and was the precursor to search engines like Google which launched five years later in 1998.
The Wright Brothers are widely accepted as the inventors of the aeroplane. However, Sir George Cayley, of Scarborough, constructed the first glider to carry a man in flight. The Wright brothers acknowledged his importance in aviation.
Sir Alan Aykbourn moved to Scarborough when he was 17 and never left. He has written more than 70 plays and it is frequently claimed that he is the most performed living English playwright, and the second most ever after Shakespeare.
Henry Vandyke Carter grew up in Scarborough and provided the illustrations for the book Gray's anatomy. Though not as well known as Henry Gray, his influence in the field of anatomy continues to this day.
Sir Ralph Riley discovered the Ph gene in 1957 whilst studying wheat. This discovery allowed the first genetic engineering and his methods continue to be used around the world in cereal breeding programmes.